PhD in Law from the University of Santiago of Compostela, Rosa Chapela is the head of the Fisheries Socioeconomics Department at CETMAR. She has coordinated research projects at European and National level related to the fisheries and maritime issues (6th and 7th Framework Programme, EC Trans-national Programmes, etc.). Her major fields of work are the socioeconomic issue, the stakeholders’ interaction and the development of innovative tools (EcoFishman) and co-creation projects (MAREFRAME and GEPETO projects). She has participated in cooperation activities to involve women in fisheries and aquaculture activities in Vietnam, Senegal and other countries, as well as in twining projects to adapt the European law in Rumania and Bulgaria. She has collaborated with FAO and IUCN in working groups and reports about aquaculture and law. She is the Spanish geographical expert in FARNET-Support Unit (European Fisheries Areas Network of the European Commission).
Good governance in aquaculture, the challenge to strengthen growth in Blue Bioeconomy
Aquaculture is one of the fastest-growing sources of food globally (FAO, 2016). Sustainable aquaculture can bring growth and jobs to local communities as part of a blue bioeconomy. In line with this increasing importance, the EU has identify aquaculture as one of the only 5 sectors with great potential for innovation and growth (EU, 2012). Along this line, FAO has also considered aquaculture in the blue growth initiative to promote the sustainable use and conservation of aquatic resources in an economically, socially and environmentally responsible manner (FAO, 2014). However, the aquaculture sector faces many challenges especially those related to the good governance of aquaculture: legal insecurity, long and cumbersome administrative procedures for licensing, weak participatory approach, lack of planning for aquaculture in coastal areas, etc. One of the key elements to address these constraints is the existence of a good governance and a sound regulatory framework in combination with tools for decision-making planning and monitoring. An appropriate legal framework could recognize and prioritize the aquaculture potential for blue growth contributing also to stimulate investment in this sector, job creation and a pathway for social acceptability of aquaculture among consumers. The research obtained from this study will share best practices in good governance for aquaculture, the needs to simplify administrative procedures, tools for spatial planning and site selection and how to develop public policies based on a coherent, balanced and sustainable approach to guarantee legal certainty to aquaculture promoters.