Ms. Alicia Mosteiro is an FAO Fishery Officer currently serving as Coordinator Global Record Programme. She holds three university degrees from Spain (BSc. Marine Sciences), France (MSc. Marine Biology) and UK (MSc. Fisheries Management).
She joined the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in 2010 where she currently focuses her work in the international fight against IUU fishing, particularly through the Global Record of Fishing Vessels, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels (www.fao.org/global-record), serving also as Technical Secretary of the Global Record Informal Open-Ended Technical and Advisory Working Group.
Prior to working with FAO, Ms. Mosteiro developed her career in six different countries for over ten years moving from scientific to managerial tasks working with Universities, National Research Centers and Ministries, always in the fisheries sector. She was chief acoustician in national and international acoustic surveys having carried out 15 monthly surveys at sea with France, Scotland, Italy, Malta, Spain and Peru. She has also experience in data collection having worked as coordinator of the EU National Fisheries Data Collection Programme for Malta when the country joined the European Union. With the Spanish Ministry for Fisheries, she prepared annual reports on the follow up of the Management Plan for the Mediterranean Sea.
She has also authored articles, scientific papers, national reports and regional/global project publications. She is a sailing boat skipper and diver from Vigo, Spain, which is one of the biggest fishing ports in Europe.
FAO Instruments and tools to fight illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing
Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing is very detrimental to the long-term sustainability of the resources, the coastal rural populations that depend on them for food and income, and the environment.
Based on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS, 1982) the international community initiated a process to conserve resources of the High Seas through international instruments such as the United Nations Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (UN Fish Stocks Agreement or UNFSA, 1995).
At the same time and before the term IUU was widely spread, FAO had already started to address related issues such as double flagging and flag hopping through the FAO Agreement to Promote Compliance with International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas (FAO Compliance Agreement, 1993).
More recently, FAO has developed, under the International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IPOA-IUU, 2001), a suite of instruments and tools to combat IUU fishing from all angles. The Voluntary Guidelines for Flag State Performance were endorsed by COFI on 2014; the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (Port State Measures Agreement or PSMA, 2009) entered into force on 5th June 2016; the Global Record of Fishing Vessels, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels (Global Record) launched the first version of the Global Information System on 21st April 2017; and the Voluntary Guidelines for Catch Documentation Schemes was endorsed by the FAO Conference in July 2017.
These instruments and tools address the responsibilities of flag States, port States, coastal States and market States as outlined in the IPOA-IUU. Working in synergy, and supporting regional and national processes, they can really underpin an effective fight against IUU fishing at all levels.