Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Carmen Pedroza-Gutiérrez has a PhD from L’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France. Currently she works at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), as researcher. Her major research interests are related to fish trade such as: value chain analysis, supply chain management and women in fisheries.
Women’s entrepreneurship in the fishing industry: The case of fishing-business women in Mexico -Gutiérrez
Women participation in post-harvest activities in Mexico dates back from prehispanic times where women would be salting and selling fish in rural markets. Currently, women’s work in fisheries has been identified in all the value chain, dominating in post-harvest and administrative activities. Most studies talk about women’s work in low payment employments and not in influencing positions. Studies about women’s participation in the fishing industry as business leaders are not common in literature.
This study explores the diversified role played by women in the Mercado del Mar, the second biggest fishing market in Mexico, considering, mainly their role as business leaders, but without leaving aside the cleaning, packing or loading fish jobs. This study is based on in-depth interviews to most business women in this fish market.
Results show that most of these women started as middle-women, peddling fish, in small scale basis, and nowadays they represent an influencing position in the second wholesale fish market in the country.